Henryk Wieniawski (1835, Lyublin –1880, Moscow) graduated from the Paris Conservatoire at 11 being awarded the Grand Golden medal and the honours of the Court — the Stradivari violin. His tours embraced Russia, Germany, France and London. Having graduated from the Paris Conservatoire for the second time he was recognized as a composer. In 1860 according to A. Rubinstein's initiative Wieniawski was invited to Russia as the court soloist (1860-1872) and later he was engaged to the Petersburgian Conservatoire and started the career of a professor (1862-1868). Russia was the place, where the majority of his compositions were given birth. It was exactly Wieniawski to have founded the Russian violin school (together with F. Laub in Moscow and L. Auer in Petersburg).
1872–1874 — concert tour via the USA together with A. Rubinstein;
1875–1877 — taught at the Brussels Conservatoire. Eugen Ysaye was his disciple, who created new performing violin style. Wieniawski died in Russia during the concert tour. His last words addressed to N. Rubinstein and L. Auer were: “Remember both of you: the Carnival in Venice fades away together with myself.” Schumann's “Carnival” symbolized free creativity for any artist of the Romanticism. The personage Paganini was its central figure. Wieniawski was possessed by Beethoven's rebellious individuality, so as “Jacobin Genoese” Paganini. His opuses “Russian Carnival” and “Reminiscence of Moscow” is the result of long-lasting tour via Russia in 1950ies.
Legend. Op. 17 (Music text example)
Scherzo-Tarantella. Op. 16
Capriccio-Waltz. Op. 7
Two Mazurkas. Op. 19
2. Country Fiddler
Reminding Moscow. Op. 6 (Music text example)
Russian Carnival. Op. 11